About the above video, Sam Roggeveen of the Lowy Institute for International Policy (Australia) writes in his blog post “China: What ‘grinding poverty’ means” (here):
.... Still, there's truth to the proposition that China's economic rise is incredibly uneven, and it's brought home by this wonderful little home-made documentary by blogger Sinostand (here), who cycled into China's countryside.
In eight minutes you get a story not only about poverty but about surveillance of foreigners, the one-child policy, and the housing bubble. On the poverty issue, the shot (1:22) of a woman working a type of mill (presumably grinding the hulls from rice grains) is particularly striking. I imagine the machinery on display there hasn't changed in several centuries.